KPSC KAS Mains Paper 1 Section 1- History-pdf

Unit 1: Cultural Heritage of India (select areas and topics)

(i) Indus Civilization – Distinction between Indus Civilization and Vedic Civilization– Evolution of Varna, Jathi/caste system – Religious condition –emergence of religious movements.

(ii) Literature: Sanskrit Literature (Ancient) : Vedic Literature, the epics and the Puranas: their impact on the life and culture of the Indian People; Prose works on polity, ethics (neeti), popular stories and Pancha Tantra (only important works); Mughal contributions to literature.

(iii) Science and Technology: Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology and Medicine (including Surgery), Ship- building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture.

(iv) Arts (Excluding Karnataka): The Maurya and Gupta periods; The Khajuraho temples; Jain temples at Mount Abu and the Odishyan temples; Pallava,Chola and Pandyan contributions. The Mughal architecture; Cathedral architecture: Bom Jesus-Old Goa, St. Paul’s- Kolkata and St. Thomas-Chennai. Painting : Ajanta frescoes; Mughal schools of painting and Rajput schools of painting. Dance and Music: Classical music and dance; Mughal contributions to music. Folk arts of India.

(v) India’s cultural contributions to the outside world: Central Asia, China, Japan, South-East Asia and Sri Lanka.

(vi) Religions of India-

(i) Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of various sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta. Philosophy of the Upanishad and the BhagavadGita –Yoga Philosophy of Pathanjali.

(ii) Jainism: Principles – Ratnatraya, code of morals, Equality (samana), Ahimsa,. Sects: Digambara and Swethambara.

(iii) Buddhism: Principles – Four noble truths, The Eight – fold path, Nirvana, Moral doctrines. Sects: Hinayana and Mahayana

(iv) Christianity: Teachings of Jesus Christ. Christian doctrines and theology. Groups in Christianity – The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern orthodox churches and the Protestants churches. Missionary activities in India

(v) Islam: Principles and practices – God, Confession of Faith, Five “Pillars of Islam”, sacred places and days, the family system and the shariah, ,Sects: Shia and Sunni ,Sufis of Karnataka

(vi) Sikhism: Principles and practices and its Evolution.

Unit 2 : Toward transforming Indian Society : Major schools of thought.

Modern Indian History – from the beginning of 19 Century, Reforms and Reformers,

1. Eradication of Social and religious wrongs
2. The Vedas for all – The Casteless society
3. Ideal of service
4. Emancipation of the Depressed class
5. “Two-Nation” theory and Islamic revivalism
6. Empowerment of the Depressed class through religion and education
7. Hindutva and Patriotism
8. The Dravida Movement
9. Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment
10. Socialist approach and Total Revolution
11. Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana

Unit 3 : From Kadambas to the Hoysalas.

(i) Antiquity of Karnataka; Kannada language and literature; Extent of Kannadanadu; State and District Gazetteers; Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments – work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka.

(ii) From Kadambas to the Hoysalas : Contributions to Architecture, sculpture, literature and religion.

Unit 4 : The Vijayanagara Empire and thereafter (1336-1799).

(i) Vijayanagara Empire: Origin, aims and aspiration of the Empire – Vidyaranya. Political history : Harihara, Bukka, Immadi Devaraya, Krishnadevaraya and Aliya Ramaraya – The battle of Talikote and its consequences. Glory of the capital – Administration – Society, economy and religion; Arts: Painting; Music, Dance, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture; Foreign accounts of Vijayanagara.

(ii) Religious sects: Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya – Sri Basaveshvara, Veerashaivism and Vachana movement – Haridasa movement –Kalamukha, Shakta and Pashupatha sects.

(iii) The Bahman Shahis : Mahamud Gawan - Contributions of the Bahamani – Adil Shahis of Bijapur: Contributions to literature and architecture –  Sufis in Karnataka.

(iv) Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar – Contributions; The Nayakas of Keladi and Chitradurga; Rani Chennamma & Sangolli Rayanna of Kittur, The Yalahanka Nadaprabhu; Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan (1761-1799).

Unit 5 : Modern Mysore (1799-1947).

(i) Krishna raja Wodeyar lll – his contributions;

(ii) Armed rebellion in Karnataka against the British in Karnataka

(iii) Commissioner’s Rule (1831-1881)

(iv) Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(v) Progress of Mysore under the Dewans.

Unit 6 : Freedom Movement in Karnataka and Unification (1885-1956).

(i) Rise of Nationalism; Pre-Gandhi an era (1885-1920); Gandhi an era (1920-1948).(ii) Freedom movement in Hyderabad – Karnataka(iii) Important personalities in Freedom Struggle.

(iv) Unification of Karnataka; Causes for the rise of unification movement – Alur Venkatrao – Role of literacy, cultural associations and print media – Three stages in the unification of Karnataka (1947-1956).

(v) Social and Cultural developments: Spread of education by missionary and voluntary bodies – printing and the press – Literary and Scholarly studies – New literary genres in kannada literature – Backward Class movement – Miller Committee Report, Folk arts of Karnataka.

Notes Description
Number of Pages241 Pages

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KPSC KAS Mains Paper 1 Section 1- History-pdf

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